Lab coats, surgical gowns and scrubs come in bonded textiles treated to keep out moisture and particulates.

China suppliers of healthcare industry uniforms are turning to nonwoven fabrics for their recent releases as single-use lab coats, and surgical gowns and scrubs increase in popularity. PP variants are the most typical and least expensive option. They usually have PE coating for water resistance.

Textiles that contain wood pulp are being adopted as well. Such inputs are able to withstand static and feature heightened absorbency even if not treated chemically.

Fibers are either spunlaced or spunbond-meltblown-spunbond. Fabrics created through the former are hygroscopic. They show high drape and softness, and can be washed a few times.

SMS kinds highlight a trilaminate construction that provides high tensile strength and durability. Companies sometimes employ two meltblown layers to enhance fluid and particulate isolation. Materials with three plies are also utilized.

Traditional textiles such as pure cotton, cotton-polyester and viscose-polyester are still adopted, but mostly for upscale products. Inputs are typically sourced from domestic partners.

Fabrics undergo various finishing procedures for additional properties. Water-repellent and flame-retardant agents are often used. Hydrocarbon compounds with fluorine make SMS materials resistant to alcohol, oil, blood and other types of liquid.

Moreover, textiles can be treated for protection against static, radiation and staining. Some are able to endure frequent bleaching.

To boost value, many factories pack lab coats, and surgical gowns and scrubs in sterilized pouches instead of polybags. These are then wrapped with paper and placed in a PE container. Several companies include surgical bags and dust-free cleaning cloths.

Healthcare industry uniforms from China are available in men’s, women’s and unisex styles. They usually incorporate at least two pockets. Sizes range from XS to XXXL.

Long- and short-sleeved gowns and scrub tops have round or V-necks, and elastic or knitted cuffs. Pants are fitted with a garterized or drawstring waist. Buttons and self-fabric straps are the typical closures.

While white, blue, green and yellow are the standard colors, a number of factories adopt red, pink and purple as well.

Designs incorporating printed patterns are also offered. They often highlight geometric and floral motifs.

The kind of materials and finishing methods used are the major price determinants. These account for 70 to 80 percent of production costs. Packaging is another factor.

Low-end healthcare industry uniforms are below $2 and typically made of nonwoven fabrics between 16 and 60gsm. Designs are soft, breathable, anti-static, and water-, oil- and chemical-resistant. Most conform to CE and FDA standards. Regular and sterilized packaging is utilized.

Many midrange styles come in 100 percent cotton, cotton-polyester and viscose-polyester weighing 105 to 190gsm, although 50 to 60gsm bonded textiles are also adopted. Plain-weave and twill constructions are common. Products are treated to withstand water, static and staining. Further, they can endure repeated bleaching.

Lab coats, and surgical gowns and scrubs exceeding $6 are considered high-end. Pure cotton and T/C are usually preferred for such releases. The bodice and sleeves are often lined to keep fluid from seeping through. Variants have the same properties as moderately priced types.

SOURCE: GLOBAL SOURCES

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